The Savji or Somvanshya Sahasrarjun Kshatriya or SSK Samaj are a Kshatriya community concentrated in the districts bordering Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. They are also referred to as Pategars or patkar or Khatris. They are mostly found in significant numbers in Hubli, Gadag, Harihar, Belgaum, Gulbarga and Bangalore in Karnataka, Kunrool,Nandyala,Kodumur,Gudur(knl dist),Gadval,Armoor,Adilabad,Nirmal, Warangal, karimnagar, nizamabad, Koratla, sangareddy and Hyderabad/Secunderabad in Andhra Pradesh, Pune, Mumbai, Kolhapur, Sholapur, Yeola, Nasik, Sinnar, Sangamner, Vasmat (Basmath) in Maharastra and in other parts of northern India like jaipur, ajmer, Indore, delhi, Gujarat, but less in number. Khatris found in Andhra Pradesh, Rayalaseema areas like Kodumur,Rajoli, Mahabub Nagar, Gudur, Kurnool and Nandyala and also in Tamil Nadu places like Kanchipuram,Chennai,Vellore and many places in India.

History:

Maheswar in Madhya Pradesh was the capital of the illustrious ancestor Sri Somavamsha Sahasrarjun, also known as SahasraBahu or Kartaviya Arjun. Written accounts of Kartavira Arjun can be found in Mahabharata, Ramayana and the Puranas. He was a devotee of Dattatreya. Recent history is traced to Mandav Gadh in Madhya Pradesh (modern name being Mandu). Written accounts confirm that Savjis were rulers of Mandu and successfully withstood constant Muslim hordes for centuries. There’s a temple of Sri Somavamsha Sahasrarjun in Maheshwar, MP, dating back to the early 2nd century. The temple was rebuilt in 13th century after withstanding Muslim attacks.

Culture:

Savji’s are staunch martial Hindus with strong lineage of Emperors, Kings and renowned warriors. The males append a “Sa” to their names as a term of respect. Example “Bhavan Sa”, “Yellosa” . The females append “Bai” to their names. Example “Sakku Bai” “Anantha Bai”. The Savjis adore the goddess Bhavani as the family deity. The Dussarah is the major festival for every house hold and during the Dussarah they prepare special culinary dishes like “Edimi” (prepared of wheat flour, gram flour), “Arithi” (prepared of wheat flour in shape of Diyas) and offer “Lalpani” (intoxicants) to the Goddess Bhavani. On every Kartika month Sapthami tidhi in Shravana Nakshatra the Savji’s celebrate the birthday of Sri Sahasrarjun with much pomp and gaiety. The notable feature of Savji’s caste is that during ceremonies of marriage the system of dowry is not at all visible. In all most major towns and cities where Savji’s are inhabitating there exists caste societies in name of S.S.K Samajs.

Language:

Unlike Marathi, Savji Bhasha appears to be an amalgam of Indic languages such as Sanskrit, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Marwari, Konkani, Telugu and Kannada as well as Middle Eastern languages such as Persian and Arabic. Savji Bhasha is related to Dakhani.

The accent(speech pattern) will be different in different states.

It originated as the prototypical languages that existed in the Maheshwar region at time of their migration in early 700 from that region.

Social Status:

Patkar(Khatri) community is included in the

LIST OF SOCIALLY AND EDUCATIONALLY BACKWARD CLASSES IN A.P.

(As per G.O.Ms.No.1793, Education Dept., dated 23-09-1970 as modified from time to time),it is in Group-B in Sl.no 14. In the new list of Telangana Backward classes castes/communities  we are in Group-B but Sl.no in new list is 55.

the erstwhile Government of Andhra Pradesh, based on the recommendations of the Anantharaman Commission for Backward Classes, had drawn up a list of (93) Backward Classes as amended thereafter (other than Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes) which are socially and educationally backward and classified them into four groups for the purpose of reservations in the professional colleges and in services under Articles 15 (4) and 16 (4) of the Constitution of India as detailed below:-

Group (A)       7%

Group (B)      10%

Group (C)      1%

Group (D)      7%

The erstwhile Government of Andhra Pradesh for the purpose of Articles 15 (4) and 16 (4) of the Constitution of India and in the exercise of the powers conferred under section 7 of the Andhra Pradesh Reservation in favour of Socially and Educationally Backward Classes of Muslims Act, 2007 (Act No. 26 of 2007), the (14) classes of Muslims residing in the united State of Andhra Pradesh (Other than Dudekula, Laddaf, Pinjari/Noorbash and Mehtar) as identified and recommended by the Andhra Pradesh Commission for Backward Classes, as socially and educationally Backward Classes of Muslims were included in the list of Backward Classes under separate Group “E”, which is in addition to the existing “A”, “B”, “C” and “D”  Groups and provided 4% reservation.  However, the reservation in favour of Backward Classes Group “E” is subject to outcome of Civil Appeal Nos 2628-2637/2010 etc., pending before the Supreme Court.

various other castes/ communities were also included in the list of Backward Classes from time to time, on the recommendations of the Andhra Pradesh Commission for Backward Classes.

In view of the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 (Central Act.No.6, 2014), in the reference 24th read above, the Member Secretary, Andhra Pradesh Commission for Backward Classes has informed that as on 01.06.2014, there are (138) castes/communities in the list of Backward Classes as approved by the erstwhile Government of Andhra Pradesh from time to time in the undivided Andhra Pradesh State.  After verification of the list and Government orders, it is found that (112) castes/ communities of Backward Classes pertain to the State of Telangana and the Member-Secretary, AP Commission for Backward Classes has also enclosed the list of (112) castes/ communities of Backward Classes pertaining to the State of Telangana along with the relevant Government orders.

In view of the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 (Central Act.No.6, 2014), Government of Telangana has decided to adapt all the relevant Government orders issued in the undivided State of Andhra Pradesh along with the list of (112) castes/communities which is annexed to this order, Group wise and Percentage of reservation as Backward Classes for the State of Telangana, so as to enable the respective Departments to take necessary action as per their requirements.

The Group wise list of (112) number of Castes/communities of Backward Classes, pertaining to the State of Telangana, with the percentage of reservation is as follows:

Sl. No. Group Serial No. % of reservation
A 1 to 43 7%
B 44 to 66 10%
C 67 1%
D 68 to 98 7%
E 99 to 112 4%
Total 29%
Annexure to G.O Ms.No. 3  BC Welfare (OP) Dept, Dt. 14.08.2014
List of Socially and Educationally Backward Classes adapted for the State of Telangana

  1. No.
Previous Sl.No.
(Group wise)in the United Andhra Pradesh
Castes/Communities Erestwhile Andhra Pradesh Government Orders.No. & DATEs Area & Districts
GROUP-A
1 1 Agnikulakshatriya,
Palli, Vadabalija,
Bestha, Jalari,
Gangavar, Gangaputra,
Goondla,
Vanyakulakshatriya (Vannekapu,
Vannereddi, Pallikapu,
Pallireddi)
Neyyala, Pattapu.
G.O.Ms.No. 1793, Edn. Dept., Dt.23.9.1970 All Districts
2 2 Balasanthu,
Bahurupi
-Do- -Do-
3 4 Budabukkala -Do- -Do-
4 5 Rajaka (Chakali, Vannar) -Do- -Do-
5 6 Dasari (formerly addicted to crimes and beggary) -Do- -Do-
6 7 Dommara -Do- -Do-
7 8 Gangiredlavaru -Do- -Do-
8 9 Jangam (whose traditional occupation is begging) -Do- -Do-
9 10 Jogi -Do- -Do-
10 11 Katipapala -Do- -Do-
11 14 Medari or Mahendra -Do- -Do-
12 15 Mondivaru,
Mondibanda,
Banda
-Do- -Do-
13 16 Nayi-Brahmin (Mangali),
Mangala and Bajantri
-Do- -Do-
14 18 Vamsharaj / Pitchiguntala -Do- -Do-
15 19 Pamula -Do- -Do-
16 20 Pardhi (Mirshikari) -Do- -Do-
17 21 Pambala -Do- -Do-
18 22 Dammali/ Dammala / Dammula / Damala,
Peddammavandlu,
Devaravandlu,
Yellammavandlu,
Mutyalammavandlu
-Do- All Districts
19 23 Veeramushti (Nettikotala),
Veerabhadreeya
-Do- -Do-
20 24 Valmiki Boya
(Boya, Bedar, Kirataka,
Nishadi, Yellapi, Yellapu,
Pedda Boya),
Talayari, Chunduvallu
-Do- -Do-
21 26 Gudala -Do- -Do-
22 27 Kanjara – Bhatta -Do- -Do-
23 29 Kepmare or Reddika -Do- -Do-
24 30 Mondipatta -Do- -Do-
25 31 Nokkar -Do- -Do-
26 32 Pariki Muggula -Do- -Do-
27 33 Yata -Do- -Do-
28 34 Chopemari -Do- -Do-
29 35 Kaikadi -Do- -Do-
30 36 Joshinandiwalas -Do- -Do-
31 37 Odde (Oddilu, Vaddi, Vaddelu) -Do- -Do-
32 38 Mandula -Do- -Do-
33 39 Mehtar (Muslim) -Do- -Do-
34 40 Kunapuli -Do- -Do-
35 41 Patra G.O.Ms.No. 8, BCW(C2) Dept., Dt.28.8.2006 -Do-
36 45 Pala-Ekari, Ekila, Vyakula,
Ekiri, Nayanivaru, Palegaru, Tolagari,
Kavali
G.O.Ms.No. 23, BCW(C2) Dept., Dt.4.7.2008 HYD, RR
37 46 Rajannala, Rajannalu G.O.Ms.No. 44, BCW(C2) Dept., Dt.7.8.2008 KMNR,WGL, NZB,ADB
38 47 Bukka Ayyavara G.O.Ms.No. 6, BCW(C2) Dept., Dt.19.2.2009 All Districts
39 48 Gotrala G.O.Ms.No. 7, BCW(C2) Dept., Dt.19.2.2009 -Do-
40 49 Kasikapadi / Kasikapudi G.O.Ms.No. 8, BCW(C2) Dept., Dt.19.2.2009 HYD,RR,MBNR,NZB,ADB
41 50 Siddula G.O.Ms.No. 9, BCW(C2) Dept., Dt.19.2.2009 All Districts
42 51 Sikligar/ Saikalgar G.O.Ms.No. 10, BCW(C2) Dept., Dt.19.2.2009 -Do-
43 52 Poosala (Duly deleted from Group D at S.No.24) G.O.Ms.No. 16, BCW(C2) Dept., Dt.19.2.2009 -Do-
GROUP-B
44 2 Aryakshatriya, Chittari, Giniyar,
Chitrakara, Nakhas
G.O.Ms.No. 1793, Edn. Dept., Dt.23.9.1970 All Districts
45 3 Devanga -Do- -Do-
46 4 Goud [Ediga, Gowda (Gamalla),
Kalalee, Goundla, Srisayana (Segidi)]
-Do- -Do-
47 5 Dudekula, Laddaf, Pinjari or Noorbash -Do- -Do-
48 6 Gandla, Telikula, Devathilakula -Do- -Do-
49 7 Jandra -Do- -Do-
50 8 Kummara or Kulala,
Salivahana
-Do- -Do-
51 9 Karikalabhakthulu,
Kaikolan or Kaikala
(Sengundam or Sengunther)
-Do- -Do-
52 10 Karnabhakthulu -Do- -Do-
53 11 Kuruba or Kuruma -Do- -Do-
54 13 Neelakanthi -Do- -Do-
55 14 Patkar (Khatri) -Do- -Do-
56 15 Perika (Perika Balija,
Puragiri kshatriya)
-Do- -Do-
57 16 Nessi or Kurni -Do- -Do-
58 17 Padmasali (Sali,
Salivan, Pattusali, Senapathulu,
Thogata Sali)
-Do- -Do-
59 19 Swakulasali -Do- -Do-
60 20 Thogata, Thogati or Thogata
veerakshatriya
-Do- -Do-
61 21 Viswabrahmin (Ausula, Kamsali,
Kammari, Kanchari,
Vadla (Vadra, Vadrangi) and Silpis),
Viswakarma
G.O.Ms.No. 59, BCW (M1) Dept., Dt.16.12.1995 -Do-
62 23 Lodh/ Lodhi/ Lodha G.O.Ms.No. 22, BCW (C2) Dept., Dt.4.7.2008 HYD,RR,KMM,ADB
63 24 Bondili G.O.Ms.No.42, BCW (C2) Dept., Dt.7.8.2008 All Districts
64 25 Are Marathi, Maratha (Non-Brahmins), Arakalies and Surabhi Natakalavallu G.O.Ms.No. 40, BCW (C2) Dept., Dt.7.8.2008 -Do-
65 26 Neeli G.O.Ms.No. 43, BCW (C2) Dept., Dt.7.8.2008 All Districts
66 27 Budubunjala / Bhunjwa / Bhadbhunja G.O.Ms.No. 11, BCW (C2) Dept., Dt.27.5.2011 HYD & RR
GROUP-C
67 1 Scheduled Castes converts to Christianity and their progeny G.O.Ms.No. 5, SW Dept., Dt.24.1.1981 All Districts
GROUP-D
68 2 Arekatika, Katika, Are-Suryavamshi G.O Ms.No.1793, Edn Dept Dt. 23.09.1970 All Districts
69 4 Bhataraju -Do- -Do-
70 5 Chippolu (Mera) -Do- -Do-
71 8 Hatkar -Do- -Do-
72 10 Jingar -Do- -Do-
73 12 Koshti -Do- -Do-
74 13 Kachi -Do- -Do-
75 14 Surya Balija (Kalavanthula) Ganika -Do- -Do-
76 15 Krishnabalija
(Dasari, Bukka)
-Do- -Do-
77 17 Mathura -Do- -Do-
78 18 Mali (Bare, Baria, Marar and
Tamboli)
-Do- -Do-
79 19 Mudiraj, Mutrasi, Tenugollu -Do- -Do-
80 20 Munnurukapu -Do- -Do-
81 25 Passi -Do- -Do-
82 26 Rangarez or Bhavasara Kshatriya -Do- -Do-
83 27 Sadhuchetty -Do- -Do-
84 28 Satani (Chattadasrivaishnava) -Do- -Do-
85 29 Tammali (Non-Brahmins)
(Shudra Caste)]
-Do- -Do-
86 31 Uppara or Sagara -Do- -Do-
87 32 Vanjara (Vanjari) -Do- -Do-
88 33 Yadava (Golla) -Do- -Do-
89 34 Are, Arevallu and Arollu G.O.Ms.No. 11, BCW (C2) Dept., Dt.13.5.2003 read with G.O.Ms.No.41, BCW(C2) Dept., Dt.7.8.2008 -Do-
90 37 Ayyaraka G.O.Ms.No. 25, BCW (C2) Dept., Dt.4.8.2008 KMM, WGL
91 38 Nagaralu G.O.Ms.No. 27, BCW (C2) Dept., Dt.4.7.2008 HYD, RR
92 39 Aghamudian, Aghamudiar, Agamudivellalar and Agamudimudaliar G.O.Ms.No. 20, BCW (C2) Dept., Dt.4.7.2008 HYD,RR
93 42 Sondi / Sundi G.O.Ms.No. 11, BCW (C2) Dept., Dt.19.2.2009 All Districts
94 43 Varala G.O.Ms.No. 12, BCW (C2) Dept., Dt.19.2.2009 -Do-
95 44 Sistakaranam G.O.Ms.No. 13, BCW (C2) Dept., Dt.19.2.2009 -Do-
96 45 Lakkamarikapu G.O.Ms.No. 14, BCW (C2) Dept., Dt.19.2.2009 -Do-
97 46 Veerashaiva Lingayat / Lingabalija G.O.Ms.No.22, BCW (C2) Department, dated 28-02-2009 -Do-
98 47 Kurmi G.O.Ms.No. 12, BCW (C2) Dept., Dt.27.5.2011 -Do-
GROUP-E
99 1 Achchukattalavandlu, Singali, Singamvallu, Achchupanivallu, Achchukattuvaru, Achukatlavandlu, G.O.Ms.No. 23, BCW (C2) Dept., Dt.7.7.2007 All Districts
100 2 Attar Saibulu, Attarollu -Do- -Do-
101 3 Dhobi Muslim/ Muslim Dhobi/ Dhobi Musalman, Turka Chakla or Turka Sakala, Turaka Chakali, Tulukka Vannan, Tsakalas, Sakalas or Chakalas, Muslim Rajakas -Do- -Do-
102 4 Faqir, Fhakir Budbudki, Ghanti Fhakir, Ghanta Fhakirlu, Turaka Budbudki, Darvesh, Fakeer -Do- -Do-
103 5 Garadi Muslim, Garadi Saibulu, Pamulavallu, Kani-Kattuvallu, Garadollu, Garadiga -Do- -Do-
104 6 Gosangi Muslim, Phakeer Sayebulu -Do- -Do-
105 7 Guddi Eluguvallu, Elugu Bantuvallu, Musalman Keelu Gurralavallu -Do- -Do-
106 8 Hajam, Nai, Nai Muslim, Navid -Do- -Do-
107 9 Labbi, Labbai, Labbon, Labba -Do- -Do-
108 10 Pakeerla, Borewale, Deera Phakirlu, Bonthala -Do- -Do-
109 11 Qureshi, Kureshi/ Khureshi, Khasab, Marati Khasab, Muslim Katika, Khatik Muslim -Do- -Do-
110 12 Shaik/ Sheikh -Do- -Do-
111 13 Siddi, Yaba, Habshi, Jasi -Do- -Do-
112 14 Turaka Kasha, Kakkukotte Zinka Saibulu, Chakkitakanevale, Terugadu Gontalavaru, Thirugatigantla, Rollaku Kakku Kottevaru, Pattar Phodulu, Chakketakare, Thuraka Kasha -Do- -Do-
  1. T RADHA
Principal Secretary to Government

 

Patkar (khatri) community is also included in the

CENTRAL LIST OF OTHER BACKWARD CLASSES (Andhra Pradesh)

with Sl.no 78 ,entry no: in the central list 52. REGD.NO.D.L-33004/93.

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